A virtual guide to Peru, the third largest country in South America, with a 2400 km long coastline at the South Pacific Ocean (What a beach). Countries with international borders to Peru are Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador.
The country occupies an area of 1,285,216 km², it is the third-largest country in South America, it is 2.5 times the size of Spain, or slightly smaller than Alaska.
The country extends along the Andes, the world's longest exposed mountain range. Peru is divided in three main regions: the coast (costa), the narrow coastal plains between the Ocean and the Andes, the highlands (sierra), with the Andes mountain range and the Andean Plateau (Altiplano, average height about 3,700 m), within the Andes is the highest peak in the country Mount Huascarán at 6,768 m (22,205 ft.). The third region is the jungle (selva), the vast plain to the east on the other side of the Andes is covered by the Amazon rainforest.
Capital and largest city is Lima. Peru has a population of more than 31 million inhabitants (in 2015). Principal languages are Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara.