This page is about many aspects of "Brasil", the country that occupies about 50% of South America. Brazil is located in the central eastern part of the continent, by far the largest portion of it lies south of the equator.
Border countries are Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The country has an almost 7,500 km long coastline at the Atlantic Ocean.
The country is huge, it is divided into 26 States and 1 Federal District. Out of the 26 states, only nine are landlocked. Brazil covers an area of 8,514,877 km² (3,287,597 sq mi), making it the fifth largest country in the world and also the largest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere (and yes, it is larger than Australia by some 800,000 square kilometers). Compared is slightly larger than 15 times the size of France, and it is even slightly larger than the contiguous United States.
Brazil has a population of 206.7 million people (in 2015), it is the most populous country in South America. The national capital is Brasília, the planned city atop the Brazilian highlands. Largest city and Brazil's economic capital is Sao Paulo, the most 'famous' city is Rio de Janeiro. Spoken language is (Brazilian) Portuguese, this variety of the Portuguese language is a relict of the Portuguese colonization of the Americas.