Argentina is an independent state and a republic which occupies much of the southern part of South America.
With an area of 2,780,400 km², it is the 8th largest country in the world and the second-largest country in South America (after Brazil). Compared it is slightly larger than 5 times the size of France, or about 4 times the size of Texas.
Argentina is bordered by the Andes mountain range and Chile in west, by Bolivia and Paraguay in north and by Brazil and Uruguay in north east and it borders the South Atlantic Ocean in east.
Argentina has a population of 43.5 million people (in 2016); capital and and largest city is Buenos Aires. Spoken language is Spanish.
There are seven geographical regions in Argentina: Argentine Northwest; the Chaco Region (Gran Chaco), a hot and semi-arid lowland; the mountain chain of the Sierras pampeanas; subtropical Mesopotamia (Littoral); Cuyo in central-west; the Pampas, a vast fertile alluvial plain; and Patagonia, the sparsely populated south of Argentina. The country offers several climatic zones ranging from (north to south) tropical and subtropical zones along the Brazilian border to temperate regions to a subpolar area in the extreme south.